How do you catch meningitis B?

The bacteria that cause meningitis B live within the nose and throat and can be spread through close contact such as coughing, kissing or sneezing.

How common is meningitis B?

It’s often called meningitis B or MenB. How common is it? MenB is unusual. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has estimated fewer than 300 cases occur in the United States per year.

Where is meningitis B found?

Meningococcal disease occurs worldwide, with the highest incidence of disease found in the ‘meningitis belt’ of sub-Saharan Africa. In this region, major epidemics occur every 5 to 12 years with attack rates reaching 1,000 cases per 100,000 population.

Who can get meningitis B?

Anyone can get meningococcal disease. Certain people are at increased risk, including: Infants younger than one year old. Adolescents and young adults 16 through 23 years old.

Why do college students get meningitis B?

Essentially, meningitis is more common in college students because of the nature of the setting. The young adults can’t escape large groups of people with constant close contact and proximity. Meningitis infection requires shared respiratory and throat secretions.

What does meningitis B cause?

Meningitis B is one type of meningococcal disease (frequently referred to as meningitis) caused by the bacteria Neisseria meningitidis. Meningitis can attack the brain and spinal cord and cause swelling in those areas as well as a serious infection of the bloodstream, called septicemia.

Can adults get meningitis B?

[Dr. Friedland VO] Well, anybody can get meningitis, but teenagers and young adults have higher rates of infection with meningitis group B. For college students, there are increased risks that include, living in close quarters, sharing things like food and drinks, and kissing.

Is there a vaccine against meningitis?

Vaccines can help prevent meningococcal disease, which is any type of illness caused by Neisseria meningitidis bacteria. There are 2 types of meningococcal vaccines available in the United States: Meningococcal conjugate or MenACWY vaccines (Menactra®, Menveo®, and MenQuadfi®)

What age is bexsero given?

BEXSERO is approved for use in individuals aged 10 through 25 years. Approval of BEXSERO is based on demonstration of immune response, as measured by serum bactericidal activity against three serogroup B strains representative of prevalent strains in the United States.

How many people have died from meningitis B?

With almost 4100 cases and 500 deaths occurring annually in the United States, bacterial meningitis continues to be a significant source of morbidity and mortality. The annual incidence in the United States is 1.33 cases per 100,000 population.

How common is bacterial meningitis?

How common is bacterial meningitis? Approximately 3,000 people in the United States — or one in 100,000 — are diagnosed with bacterial meningitis each year, most of them infants, children, college students and the elderly. Incidences of bacterial meningitis usually peak in the winter or early spring.

Is meningitis the same as meningococcal?

What is the difference between meningococcal disease and meningitis? While meningococcal disease and meningitis are related, they are not the same thing. Meningitis refers to an inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord.

Which organism can cause epidemic meningitis?

Several different bacteria can cause meningitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis are the most frequent ones. N. meningitidis, causing meningococcal meningitis, is the one with the potential to produce large epidemics.

How do adults get meningitis?

Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush or a cigarette.

Is meningitis inherited?

Historically, there have been dreadful meningitis epidemics, but be assured that it never is a hereditary disease. Different forms of relatively common meningitis can be caused either by viruses or bacteria.

What is the survival rate for bacterial meningitis?

Prognosis of meningitis depends on the cause. Untreated bacterial meningitis has a very high death rate. Even with appropriate treatment, the death rate from bacterial meningitis is about 15-20%, with a higher death rate associated with increasing age.

Can you get meningitis from kissing?

Is meningitis contagious? Close contact – not casual contact at work or school – can spread the bacteria and viruses that cause meningitis. This includes kissing, coughing, or sneezing. Sharing eating utensils, glasses, food, or towels can also spread these bacteria and viruses.

What are the 3 types of meningitis?

Types of meningitis
  • Viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. …
  • Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria. …
  • Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. …
  • Parasitic meningitis. …
  • Non-infectious meningitis.

Is meningitis an airborne disease?

Bacterial meningitis is NOT spread through casual contact or the airborne route; however, some bacteria can be spread by close contact with respiratory droplets (e.g., in daycare centers).

Is there a way to prevent meningitis?

The most effective way to prevent meningitis is to get vaccinated against the disease. There are currently two vaccines available in the U.S. that protect against most types of bacterial meningitis.

Can feces cause bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis can spread through kissing, and viral meningitis can spread when people come in contact with the feces of an infected person, which can happen when changing a diaper, or when a person does not properly wash their hands after using the toilet, according to the Centers for Disease Control and …

Does meningitis stay in your body forever?

With quick treatment, many people with bacterial meningitis don’t have any permanent problems. However, even with prompt treatment, some may battle seizures, brain damage, hearing loss, and disability for the rest of their lives. Meningitis can be fatal and some people with this infection will die.