What is utilitarianism in nursing?

Utilitarianism is a moral theory that focuses on the overall balance of positive and negative effects of a healthcare professional’s actions; all actions are considered on the basis of consequences, not on the basis of fundamental moral rules and principles or with regard to character traits.

What are some examples of utilitarianism?

When individuals are deciding what to do for themselves alone, they consider only their own utility. For example, if you are choosing ice cream for yourself, the utilitarian view is that you should choose the flavor that will give you the most pleasure.

How does utilitarianism apply to nursing?

Individual nurses would primarily be expected to apply those rules rather than make Utilitarian calculations about likely consequences themselves. In general, Utilitarianism highlights that the consequences of our actions are important for how we understand the morality of our actions.

How does utilitarianism work in healthcare?

In healthcare, utilitarian thinking would stipulate that whenever there is a choice between different but equally efficacious methods of treatment, patients’ benefits should be maximized and the costs and risks minimized. Any other approach would be regarded as an unethical practice.

Why is utilitarianism bad?

Perhaps the greatest difficulty with utilitarianism is that it fails to take into account considerations of justice. We can imagine instances where a certain course of action would produce great benefits for society, but they would be clearly unjust.

What does utilitarianism mean?

Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action (or type of action) is right if it tends to promote happiness or pleasure and wrong if it tends to produce unhappiness or

What are the 3 principles of utilitarianism?

There are three principles that serve as the basic axioms of utilitarianism.
  • Pleasure or Happiness Is the Only Thing That Truly Has Intrinsic Value.
  • Actions Are Right Insofar as They Promote Happiness, Wrong Insofar as They Produce Unhappiness.
  • Everyone’s Happiness Counts Equally.

What does utilitarianism focus on?

Utilitarianism is a theory of morality, which advocates actions that foster happiness or pleasure and opposes actions that cause unhappiness or harm. When directed toward making social, economic, or political decisions, a utilitarian philosophy would aim for the betterment of society as a whole.

What is the main weakness of utilitarianism?

Utilitarianism’s primary weakness has to do with justice. A standard objection to utilitarianism is that it could require us to violate the standards of justice. For example, imagine that you are a judge in a small town.

Which is better utilitarianism or kantianism?

When data is scarce, Kantian theory offers more precision than utilitarianism because one can generally determine if somebody is being used as a mere means, even if the impact on human happiness is ambiguous. Although utilitarianism has a larger scope than Kantianism, it is a more timely process.