Is proximal inferior or superior?

Or, similarly, the femur is proximal to the knee, which is proximal to the ankle, which is proximal to the toes. Superior and inferior: These terms reference the body’s vertical axis, and a body part higher than another or above it is said to be superior to it; conversely, the other body part is inferior to the first.

What is the difference between proximal and distal?

In medicine, it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example, the hand is distal to the shoulder. … Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What is proximal example?

Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proximal end of the femur is part of the hip joint, and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The opposite of proximal is distal.

What does proximal position mean?

Proximal means nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body. If another reference point is given, such as the heart, the proximal point of another organ or extremity is the point closest to the heart, central rather than peripheral. Proximal is the opposite of distal.

What is the difference between superior and inferior?

Superior refers to ‘above’ while inferior refers to ‘below‘.

What does superior mean in anatomy?

Superior or cranial – toward the head end of the body; upper (example, the hand is part of the superior extremity). Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity). Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg).

What are the 4 planes of the body?

Anatomical planes in a human:
  • median or sagittal plane.
  • a parasagittal plane.
  • frontal or coronal plane.
  • transverse or axial plane.

Is the knee superior to the ankle?

The knee is proximal to the ankle. The inner thigh is proximal in relation to the outer thigh.

What is posterior and anterior?

Posterior means towards the back of the body. … So, posterior means towards the ‘back,’ and anterior means towards the ‘front. ‘

What are cardinal planes?

“Cardinal planes” are those that divide the body in halves. The cardinal sagittal plane divides the body into right and left halves. The cardinal transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower halves. The cardinal frontal plane divides the body into front and back halves.

Is the nose superior to the mouth?

The nose is superior to the mouth. Inferior: Lower. The nostrils are most visible on the inferior aspect of the nose. These terms are always used when referring to directions on the head.

What is the difference between superior and anterior?

Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body. … Superior (or cranial) describes a position above or higher than another part of the body proper. The orbits are superior to the oris.

What is the difference between placenta anterior and posterior?

The placenta attaches to the wall of your uterus, and its position can be anywhere — front, back, right, or left. If the placenta attaches to the back of the uterus, it’s known as a posterior placenta. If it attaches to the front of the uterus, it’s called an anterior placenta.

What is the difference between medial and lateral?

A lateral orientation is a position away from the midline of the body. For instance, the arms are lateral to the chest, and the ears are lateral to the head. A medial orientation is a position toward the midline of the body. An example of medial orientation is the eyes, which are medial to the ears on the head.

What does superior mean in biology?

Superior: In antomy, above or over top of. As opposed to inferior. The heart is superior to the stomach. The superior surface of the tongue rests against the palate.

Is the hand proximal to the elbow?

Your elbow is closer to your torso than your hand. Therefore your elbow is “proximal” when compared to your hand. … Your elbow is further away from your torso than your shoulder. Therefore your elbow is “distal” when compared to your shoulder.

What is difference between longitudinal and lateral?

Lateral – spanning the width of a body. The distinction between width and length may be unclear out of context. … Longitudinal – spanning the length of a body.

What is the difference between medial and lateral rotation?

Movement that brings the anterior surface of the limb toward the midline of the body is called medial (internal) rotation. Conversely, rotation of the limb so that the anterior surface moves away from the midline is lateral (external) rotation (see Figure 3).

Is the hip proximal to the knee?

The hip is the most proximal link in the lower extremity kinematic chain and shares a common segment (the femur) with the knee. At its proximal end, the femur articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvis to comprise the hip joint.

What is the difference between lateral and transverse?

As adjectives the difference between lateral and transverse

is that lateral is to the side; of or pertaining to the side while transverse is situated or lying across; side to side, relative to some defined “forward” direction.

What is the difference between transverse and longitudinal?

Transverse waves are always characterized by particle motion being perpendicular to wave motion. A longitudinal wave is a wave in which particles of the medium move in a direction parallel to the direction that the wave moves. … A sound wave traveling through air is a classic example of a longitudinal wave.

What is difference between lateral and longitudinal bracing?

Answer:Anything which is along the axis or parallel to the length is called longitudinal and perpendicular to the axis or length is called lateral.