What is a stable molecule?

If I say that a certain molecule is “stable”, I might mean any of a number of things: It’s possible to make it, and it won’t spontaneously fall apart. It’s possible to isolate a pure sample of the substance. It won’t react with other things.

What causes a molecule to be stable?

Atoms become more stable when their outermost electron shells are emptied out or filled up. One way they can achieve this goal is for two atoms to share one or more electrons between them so that each of them can fill or empty that outermost shell.

What makes molecule unstable?

An atom can be considered unstable in one of two ways. If it picks up or loses an electron, it becomes electrically charged and highly reactive. Such electrically charged atoms are known as ions. Instability can also occur in the nucleus when the number of protons and neutrons is unbalanced.

How do you know if an atom is stable or unstable?

Atoms found in nature are either stable or unstable. An atom is stable if the forces among the particles that makeup the nucleus are balanced. An atom is unstable (radioactive) if these forces are unbalanced; if the nucleus has an excess of internal energy.

What is a stability?

Definition of stability

1 : the quality, state, or degree of being stable: such as. a : the strength to stand or endure : firmness. b : the property of a body that causes it when disturbed from a condition of equilibrium or steady motion to develop forces or moments that restore the original condition.

What are stable atoms?

A stable atom has a net charge of 0. In other words, it has an equal number of protons and electrons. The positive protons cancel out the negative electrons. … An atom becomes radioactive when its nucleus contains too many or too few neutrons.

What is an example of a stable atom?

Most atoms are stable; a carbon-12 atom for example remains a carbon-12 atom forever, and an oxygen-16 atom remains an oxygen-16 atom forever, but certain atoms eventually disintegrate into a totally new atom. These atoms are said to be ‘unstable’ or ‘radioactive’. … This is called ‘radioactive decay’.

What makes an isotope unstable?

Usually, what makes an isotope unstable is the large nucleus. If a nucleus becomes larger enough from the number of neutrons, since the neutron count is what makes isotopes, it will be unstable and will try to ‘shed’ its neutrons and/or protons in order to achieve stability.

Who explain the stability of atom?

Stability of an atom was successfully explained by Rutherford’s atomic model.

How do atoms become stable?

Many atoms become stable when their valence shell is filled with electrons or when they satisfy the octet rule (by having eight valence electrons). If atoms don’t have this arrangement, they’ll “want” to reach it by gaining, losing, or sharing electrons via bonds.

How do you stabilize an atom?

How Bohr explain stability of atom?

Niels Bohr explained the stability of the atoms through the concept of revolution of electrons in different energy levels. The change in the energy of an electron occurs when it jumps from a lower energy level to a higher energy level or vice versa. … In this way, energy is not lost and the atom remains stable.

Which scientist was not able to explain the stability of an atom?

Rutherford’s atomic model could not explain stability of atom.

What do you mean by stability of atom Class 9?

Stability of an atom means that the electrons and protons cancel out the effect of each other and they don’t collapse or become reactive under the action of certain forces. It enables the normal functioning of atom that is the movement of electrons outside and protons and neutrons inside the nucleus.

How did Bohr use Planck’s theory to explain the stability of atoms?

Bohr turned to Planck’s quantum theory to explain the stability of most atoms. He found that the ratio of energy in electrons and the frequency of their orbits around the nucleus was equal to Planck’s constant (the proportion of light’s energy to its wave frequency, or approximately 6.626 x 1023 ).

Which principle goes against Bohr’s theory state the principle?

Heisenberg uncertainty principle goes against the concept of Bohr’s atomic model.

What are the limitations of Bohr model of atom?

The Bohr Model is very limited in terms of size. Poor spectral predictions are obtained when larger atoms are in question. It cannot predict the relative intensities of spectral lines. It does not explain the Zeeman Effect, when the spectral line is split into several components in the presence of a magnetic field.

Why was the Rutherford considered unstable?

The motion of the electrons in the Rutherford model was unstable because, according to classical mechanics and electromagnetic theory, any charged particle moving on a curved path emits electromagnetic radiation; thus, the electrons would lose energy and spiral into the nucleus.

How quantum mechanics explains the stability of an atom?

According to classical physics, an electron orbiting the nucleus would emit electromagnetic radiation. Losing energy in that way, it would spiral into the nucleus and the atom would collapse. Quantum mechanics explains that the electron cannot be treated as a classical particle having a definite position and velocity.

What prevents an atom from being collapsed?

Explanation: The balance of kinetic and potential energy in an atom is what keeps its electrons from collapsing into the nucleus.

How did Rutherford explain the stability of atom?

Stability of an atom was successfully explained by Rutherford’s atomic model. … – According to Rutherford’s model, electrons lose their energy continuously in the form of electromagnetic radiation and finally merge in the nucleus. The electron revolves in a helical path around the nucleus.