Who were the four caliphs after Muhammad?

‘Rightly Guided Caliphs’), often simply called the Rashidun, are the first four caliphs (lit.: ‘successors’) who led the Muslim community following the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad: Abu Bakr ( r . 632–634), Umar ( r . 634–644), Uthman ( r . 644–656), and Ali ( r .

Who is the 4th Caliph?

ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib
ʿAlī, in full ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib, (born c. 600, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia]—died January 661, Kufa, Iraq), cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, and fourth of the “rightly guided” (rāshidūn) caliphs, as the first four successors of Muhammad are called.

Who is the 5th Caliph in Islam?

ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Marwān
ʿAbd al-Malik, in full ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Marwān, (born 646/647, Medina, Arabia—died October 705, Damascus), fifth caliph (685–705 ce) of the Umayyad Arab dynasty centred in Damascus.

Who were the 5 caliphs?

The First Four Caliphs
  • Abu Bakr. The first caliph was Abu Bakr who ruled from 632-634 CE. …
  • Umar ibn al-Khattab. The second caliph was Umar ibn al-Khattab. …
  • Uthman ibn Affan. The third caliph was Uthman ibn Affan. …
  • Ali ibn Abi Talib. The fourth caliph was Ali ibn Abi Talib.

How did caliph Abu Bakr died?

Abu Bakr’s caliphate lasted for only two years, ending with his death after an illness in 634. On his deathbed, he dictated his last testament to Uthman ibn Affan, in which he appointed Umar ibn al-Khattab as his successor.

Who is Khalifa after Ali?

With additional support, Abu Bakr was confirmed as the first caliph (religious successor to Muhammad) that same year. This choice was disputed by some of Muhammad’s companions, who held that Ali ibn Abi Talib, his cousin and son-in-law, had been designated the successor by Muhammad at Ghadir Khumm.

What were the 4 caliphates?

The first four caliphs of the Islamic empire – Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali are referred to as Rashidun (rightly guided) Caliphs (632-661 CE) by mainstream Sunni Muslims.

Who is Asma bint Yazid?

Asmaa bint Yazeed ibn Al-Sakan was a woman from the Ansar, and a companion of the Prophet. She was distinguished for her sagacity and eloquence. Indeed, she was nicknamed the “Orator of all Women”. … She accompanied the Prophet on his expedition that led to the fall of Makkah to Islam.

Who was Khalifa after Yazid?

Mu’awiya II
664 – 684 CE), usually known simply as Mu’awiya II was the third Umayyad caliph. He succeeded his father Yazid I as the third caliph and last caliph of the Sufyanid line in the Umayyad dynasty. He ruled briefly in 683-684 (64 AH) before he died.

Who was the 3rd Khalifa?

Uthman ibn Affan
Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان‎, romanized: ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān; c. 573/576 – 17 June 656), was a second cousin, son-in-law and prominent companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled as the third caliph of the Rāshidun Caliphate, succeeding Umar ibn al-Khattab.

Who was the Khalifa?

Khalifa is sometimes also pronounced as “kalifa“. There were four khalifas after Prophet Muhammed died, beginning with Abu Bakr.

Khalifa.
Language(s) Arabic
Origin
Meaning Leader, Successor, Steward, Deputy
Region of origin Arabia Islamic Caliphate
Other names

Is Yazid a Sahabi?

Unlike his father, who enjoys an important and distinguished position in the collective Sunni mind, since he is a “Sahabi”, a companion of the prophet, there has been a great deal of conflict between Sunni scholars regarding the character of the second Umayyad caliph Yazid the son of Muawiya.

How is Abu Bakr related to Muhammad?

Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabah) and the father-in-law of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632-634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad’s death. … Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor and close friend to the Prophet.