What are the 3 main types of metamorphic rocks?

The three types of metamorphism are Contact, Regional, and Dynamic metamorphism. Contact Metamorphism occurs when magma comes in contact with an already existing body of rock. When this happens the existing rocks temperature rises and also becomes infiltrated with fluid from the magma.

What are 5 examples of metamorphic rocks?

Some examples of metamorphic rocks are gneiss, slate, marble, schist, and quartzite. Slate and quartzite tiles are used in building construction. Marble is also prized for building construction and as a medium for sculpture.

What are the two types of metamorphic rock?

There are two main types of metamorphic rocks: those that are foliated because they have formed in an environment with either directed pressure or shear stress, and those that are not foliated because they have formed in an environment without directed pressure or relatively near the surface with very little pressure

What are the main classifications of metamorphic rocks?

Metamorphic rocks are broadly classified as foliated or non-foliated. Non-foliated metamorphic rocks do not have aligned mineral crystals. Non-foliated rocks form when pressure is uniform, or near the surface where pressure is very low.

What are the 4 types of metamorphic rocks?

Common metamorphic rocks include phyllite, schist, gneiss, quartzite and marble.

What two features characterize most metamorphic rocks?

What two features characterize most metamorphic rocks? or alternating light and dark mineral bands) are characteristic of most metamorphic rocks. What phenomena can cause metamorphism? convection, deep burial, and water-rock interactions all lead to metamorphism.

What are 3 facts about metamorphic rocks?

The word metamorphic literally means “changed form”. Slate, a metamorphic rock, can form from shale, clay or mudstone. The Taj Mahal in India is made entirely of different types of marble, a metamorphic rock. Serpentine is a type of metamorphic rock that originates as the igneous rock periodite.

What is the texture of metamorphic rocks?

TEXTURES Textures of metamorphic rocks fall into two broad groups, FOLIATED and NON-FOLIATED. Foliation is produced in a rock by the parallel alignment of platy minerals (e.g., muscovite, biotite, chlorite), needle-like minerals (e.g., hornblende), or tabular minerals (e.g., feldspars).

How can you identify a metamorphic rock?

Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have become changed by intense heat or pressure while forming. One way to tell if a rock sample is metamorphic is to see if the crystals within it are arranged in bands. Examples of metamorphic rocks are marble, schist, gneiss, and slate.

How do you name a metamorphic rock?

By convention, when naming a metamorphic rock the mineral in the lowest quantity (garnet, in this case) is mentioned first. Notice that the muscovite micas define a very wavy foliation in the rock; this textural pattern of wavy micas is called a schistose foliation (Figure 11.5B).

What is the difference between igneous rocks and metamorphic rocks?

Igneous rock , formed by the cooling of magma (molten rock) inside the Earth or on the surface. Metamorphic rocks, formed by temperature and pressure changes inside the Earth. All three types of rock make up the Earth’s lithosphere, the outermost layer.