What is an example of an implicit bias?
Unconscious racial stereotypes are a major example of implicit bias. In other words, having an automatic preference for one race over another without even being aware of this bias.
What is explicit bias?
“Explicit bias” refers to the attitudes and beliefs we have about a person or group on a conscious level.
Implicit bias, also known as unconscious bias, occurs when stereotypes influence automatic brain processing. We can be susceptible to inherent bias and not even know it.
Some examples of cultural influences that may lead to bias include:
- Linguistic interpretation.
- Ethical concepts of right and wrong.
- Understanding of facts or evidence-based proof.
- Intentional or unintentional ethnic or racial bias.
- Religious beliefs or understanding.
- Sexual attraction and mating.
To have personal biases is to be human. We all hold our own subjective world views and are influenced and shaped by our experiences, beliefs, values, education, family, friends, peers and others. Being aware of one’s biases is vital to both personal well-being and professional success.
As Lai notes, “Bias can often lead us in directions that we don’t expect, that we don’t intend, and that we might even disagree with if we knew that it was nudging us in a particular way.” These are the kinds of biases that can be harmful when people allow them to impact their behavior toward certain groups, and the
Biased tendencies can also affect our professional lives. They can influence actions and decisions such as whom we hire or promote, how we interact with persons of a particular group, what advice we consider, and how we conduct performance evaluations. Again, bias awareness can help you make fair business decisions.
These biases result from our brain’s efforts to simplify the incredibly complex world in which we live. Confirmation bias, hindsight bias, self-serving bias, anchoring bias, availability bias, the framing effect, and inattentional blindness are some of the most common examples of cognitive bias.
Everyone has biases. It’s true. Having a bias doesn’t make you a bad person, however, and not every bias is negative or hurtful. It’s not recognizing biases that can lead to bad decisions at work, in life, and in relationships.
Cognitive biases can affect your decision–making skills, limit your problem-solving abilities, hamper your career success, damage the reliability of your memories, challenge your ability to respond in crisis situations, increase anxiety and depression, and impair your relationships.