How many types of urine tests are there?

Five standard urine tests can be used to examine the different components of urine. Two of them can also be done at home, whereas the other three can only be done in a lab.

What is the most common urine test?

The most common 10-panel drug tests use urine to check for many of the legal and illicit drugs people sometimes abuse.

Individual drugs

  • phencyclidine (PCP)
  • methadone.
  • methaqualone (Quaaludes)
  • propoxyphene.

What is a full urine test?

A urinalysis is a test of your urine. A urinalysis is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes. A urinalysis involves checking the appearance, concentration and content of urine. Abnormal urinalysis results may point to a disease or illness.

What urine test can detect?

Urine tests are most commonly done to check: for infections – such as a urinary tract infection (UTI) or some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia in men. if you are passing any protein in your urine as a result of kidney damage – this is known as an ACR test.

What is normal urine test report?

Urine Routine Test Normal Values
Reference rangeInterpretation
ColourColourless, pale/dark yellow or amber
Specific gravity1.005 to 1.025
pH4.5 to 8
Blood≤3 RBCs

What should not be found in urine?

Normal urine varies in color from almost colorless to dark yellow. Some foods, such as beets and blackberries, may turn urine red. Usually, glucose, ketones, protein, and bilirubin are not detectable in urine.

What is a positive urine test?

An increased number of WBCs seen in the urine under a microscope and/or positive test for leukocyte esterase may indicate an infection or inflammation somewhere in the urinary tract. If also seen with bacteria (see below), they indicate a likely urinary tract infection. Epithelial cells.

What is normally found in urine?

It consists of water, urea (from amino acid metabolism), inorganic salts, creatinine, ammonia, and pigmented products of blood breakdown, one of which (urochrome) gives urine its typically yellowish colour.

What infections can be found in urine?

The most common infections diagnosed by urinalysis are UTIs, which are one of the most common bacterial infections that require medical intervention. Several other infections such as community-acquired pneumonia and viremia infections can also be diagnosed with the help of urinalysis.

What is the most common urinary parasite?

Common urinary parasitic infections as described in literature include Trichomonas, Schistosoma hematobium and Microfilaria. Trichomonas vaginalis is known to cause vaginitis and urethritis, and may be found in urine sediments.

What are 3 symptoms of a UTI?

Symptoms of UTIs
  • A burning feeling when you pee.
  • A frequent or intense urge to pee, even though little comes out when you do.
  • Cloudy, dark, bloody, or strange-smelling pee.
  • Feeling tired or shaky.
  • Fever or chills (a sign that the infection may have reached your kidneys)
  • Pain or pressure in your back or lower abdomen.

What does it mean if you test positive for leukocytes in your urine?

Leukocyte esterase is a screening test used to detect a substance that suggests there are white blood cells in the urine. This may mean you have a urinary tract infection. If this test is positive, the urine should be examined under a microscope for white blood cells and other signs that point to an infection.

Why do I have white blood cells in my urine but no infection?

Sterile pyuria

It is possible to have white blood cells in the urine without a bacterial infection. Sterile pyuria refers to the persistent presence of white blood cells in the urine when no bacteria are found to be present by laboratory examination.

Is WBC in urine serious?

Most causes of blood in your urine are not serious, But sometimes red or white blood cells in your urine can mean that you have a medical condition that needs treatment, such as a kidney disease, urinary tract infection, or liver disease.

Why do I have white blood cells in my urine?

An infection in your urinary tract is the most likely cause of leukocytes in your urine. Any time you have an infection, your immune system ramps up production of these cells to fight off the bacteria.

What is a normal WBC count in urine?

Microscopic examination/urine sediment. WBCs, RBCs, epithelial cells, and, rarely, tumor cells are the cellular elements found in the urinary sediment. The number of WBCs considered normal is typically 2-5 WBCs/hpf or less. A high number of WBCs indicates infection, inflammation, or contamination.

What is considered a high WBC in urine?

You’re bound to have a few WBCs in your urine even when you’re healthy, but if a urine test identifies levels above 5 wbc/hpf, it’s likely you have an infection. If bacteria are detected, your doctor may perform a urine culture to diagnose the type of bacterial infection you have.

What happen if white blood cells are high?

A high white blood cell count may indicate that the immune system is working to destroy an infection. It may also be a sign of physical or emotional stress. People with particular blood cancers may also have high white blood cells counts.