Whats the difference between the continental crust and the oceanic crust?
Difference Between Oceanic and Continental Crust
The oceanic crust is mainly made out of dark basalt rocks that are rich in minerals and substances like silicon and magnesium. By contrast, the continental crust is made up of light-colored granite rocks full of substances like oxygen and silicon.
What are 3 differences between continental crust and oceanic crust?
Continental crust is low in density whereas oceanic crust has a higher density. continental crust is thicker, on the contrary, the oceanic crust is thinner. Continental crust floats on magma freely but oceanic crust floats on magma scarcely. Continental crust cannot recycle whereas oceanic crust can recycle it.
What is the difference between oceanic crust and continental crust quizlet?
How do oceanic and continental crust differ? Continental crust consists mainly of less dense rocks such as granite. Oceanic crust consists of mainly denser rocks such as basalt.
What is the difference between the two types of crust?
Oceanic crust is thinner and denser than continental crust. Oceanic crust is darker in color and denser (more mafic). Continental crust is lighter in color and density (more felsic). Earth’s crust is very thin relative to Earth’s radius.
What is an example of continental crust?
The continental crust is the layer of granitic, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks which form the continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves. About 40% of the Earth’s surface is now underlain by continental crust.
Which is thicker oceanic or continental crust?
Continental crust is typically 40 km (25 miles) thick, while oceanic crust is much thinner, averaging about 6 km (4 miles) in thickness. The less-dense continental crust has greater buoyancy, causing it to float much higher in the mantle.
Why is continental crust is thicker than oceanic crust?
The continental crust is also less dense than oceanic crust, although it is considerably thicker. Because of its relative low density, continental crust is only rarely subducted or recycled back into the mantle (for instance, where continental crustal blocks collide and over thicken, causing deep melting).
Is the continental crust younger than oceanic crust?
Continental crust is almost always much older than oceanic crust. Because continental crust is rarely destroyed and recycled in the process of subduction, some sections of continental crust are nearly as old as the Earth itself.
Why is continental crust higher than oceanic crust?
Layers that are less dense, such as the crust, float on layers that are denser, such as the mantle. Both oceanic crust and continental crust are less dense than the mantle, but oceanic crust is denser than continental crust. This is partly why the continents are at a higher elevation than the ocean floor.
What are the characteristics of oceanic and continental crust?
It is the solid rock layer upon which we live. It is either continental or oceanic. Continental crust is typically 30-50 km thick, whilst oceanic crust is only 5-10 km thick. Oceanic crust is denser, can be subducted and is constantly being destroyed and replaced at plate boundaries.
What is an example of oceanic crust?
An example of this is the Gakkel Ridge under the Arctic Ocean. Thicker than average crust is found above plumes as the mantle is hotter and hence it crosses the solidus and melts at a greater depth, creating more melt and a thicker crust. An example of this is Iceland which has crust of thickness ~20 km.
What happens when continental and oceanic crust collide?
When an oceanic and a continental plate collide, eventually the oceanic plate is subducted under the continental plate due to the high density of the oceanic plate. As time goes on the hot magma rising upward from the subduction zone causes further compression of the mountain belt.
What is an example of oceanic continental convergence?
Examples of ocean–continent convergent boundaries are subduction of the Nazca Plate under South America (which has created the Andes Mountains and the Peru Trench) and subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate under North America (creating the Cascade Range).
What happens when two crust collide?
At convergent boundaries, where plates push together, crust is either folded or destroyed. When two plates with continental crust collide, they will crumple and fold the rock between them. A plate with older, denser oceanic crust will sink beneath another plate. The crust melts in the asthenosphere and is destroyed.
What type of boundary destroys crust?
Oceanic crust is created at divergent boundaries, such as the mid-ocean ridge. Oceanic crust is destroyed at convergent boundaries where subduction results in a trench, such as the Mariana Trench or Cayman Trough.]